generation of maritime cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) through
the ejection of jet and film droplets from bursting whitecap-produced
bubbles on the ocean surface has been well documented. The
processes involved in the transformation (evaporation and
crystallization) of these liquid droplets into their solid
form under varying conditions, however, has not previously
attracted much attention from atmospheric researchers.
set of laboratory investigations and field observations of
the characteristics, both physical and chemical, of seawater
droplets during phase change in a controlled environment have
revealed the following startling and very significant phenomena:
of the ejected sulfate aerosols in comparison with field observation,
chemical processes inside the evaporating seawater droplets
and the mechanisms for the generation of secondary aerosols
in the marine atmosphere are presented with illustrations.